Diabetes | Symptoms & treatment

Young Black woman checking her blood sugar levels

Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and frequent urination (especially at night); unexplained increase in appetite; unexplained weight loss; fatigue; erection problems; blurred vision; and tingling, burning, or numbness in the hands or feet. 

To treat type 1 diabetes, you need insulin. You can give yourself insulin through an insulin pump, an insulin pen, or a syringe (needle). Insulin, exercise, and a healthy diet can help prevent or delay problems from diabetes. 

If you have type 2 diabetes, you may be able to control your blood sugar by losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting daily exercise. You may also have to take insulin or other diabetes medicine. 

 How can you cope with having diabetes?

Having diabetes can be hard to accept. Getting support and talking about your feelings can help. Your health care team can help you cope. Let your doctor know how you're feeling, and ask for support. You can also get support from your friends and family, a counselor, a spiritual adviser, or a support group.

To help you cope:

  • Praise and reward yourself for things that go well.
  • Try not to be too critical of yourself.
  • List the benefits of managing diabetes.
  • Imagine yourself getting better at caring for diabetes in the future.
  • Write down your feelings and thoughts about diabetes.

Source: Healthwise